Harsh conditions in Africa forcing migrants into Europe
Speaker Rebecca Kadaga has criticised African leaders for the influx of mainly African refugees to Europe and North America.
Kadaga said African refugees make dangerous crossings through the Mediterranean, fleeing harsh economic conditions and conflicts in their countries.
“Today, many of our countries are independent, yet the violation of human rights, insecurity, exclusion from social and economic opportunities, conflict, injustice and corruption have caused the involuntary migration of millions, to a life of uncertainty, torture, slavery and incarceration in squalid conditions and in detention camps in Europe,” said Kadaga.
Kadaga was speaking at the 138th Inter-Parliamentary Union Assembly in Geneva under the theme “Strengthening the Global Regions for migrants and refugees; the need for evidence based policy solutions”.
Kadaga hailed Uganda’s refugee policy, but said the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) should extend infrastructure and environmental support to the country.
“Our hosting of refugees has come at a cost in terms of the destruction of the environment. The refugees do not come with firewood from their countries; they have destroyed our environment.
It is important the UNHCR puts in place re-afforestation programmes for the host countries,” said Kadaga.
Uganda has been hailed as an ideal refugee hosting country, a credential boosted by the Refugee Summit held in June 2017.
In presence of international dignitaries including the Secretary General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres, the country raised over $350 million.
In the recent past, up to 13 million Africans have endured the deadly journey through the Mediterranean and other dangerous routes to Europe, with many living under constant threat of arrest and deportation.
Experts blame the growing number of mainly African immigrants to Europe on harsh political environments, unemployment and the ever growing population.
The Speaker also took a swipe at the international community, whose ‘intervention’ in African conflicts, she said, have resulted into worsening of the crises. She cited Libya to make a case for the ‘ill-informed’ intervention in African conflicts.
East African Legislative Assembly Speaker, Martin Karoli Ngoga said Parliaments should address income inequality, which he said is a main cause of ‘refugeeism’.
“It is imperative for Parliaments to ensure that the Member States and regional blocs re-affirm commitments to the observance of peace and security, and address inequalities and parity to resource allocation,” said Ngoga.
The conference comes at a time when rightist anti-immigration parties are having growing political influence in Europe and the Americas.